The electronics manufacturing industry in the United States has grown significantly over the past few decades. Electronics manufacturing involves the design, development, testing, manufacturing, and servicing of electronic components and devices. The industry plays a vital role in supporting major sectors like aerospace, defense, medical, automotive, telecommunications, and consumer electronics.
According to industry estimates, the US electronics manufacturing industry generated over $200 billion in annual revenues in 2022. The industry directly employs over 250,000 people across the country. Some of the major manufacturing hubs for electronics include California, Texas, Illinois, New York, Massachusetts, and Arizona.
The United States is known for housing several leading multinational corporations that manufacture high-tech and advanced electronic components and products. The country has robust infrastructure, skilled workforce, extensive distribution network, and advanced technologies that attract major electronics companies to set up manufacturing facilities.
This article discusses the top 12 electronics manufacturing companies in the USA, providing an overview of their major products, manufacturing facilities, revenue, and global presence.
Factors Contributing to Growth of Electronics Manufacturing in the USA
Some of the key factors that make the United States an attractive destination for electronics manufacturing include:
- Skilled Workforce: The availability of skilled engineers, technologists, and production workers supports electronics manufacturing.
- Research and Development: The US is at the forefront of R&D in advanced electronics, supporting innovation and new product development.
- Demand: There is high domestic demand for electronics from sectors like aerospace, defense, automotive, and healthcare.
- Infrastructure: The extensive transportation infrastructure enables the seamless transfer of raw materials and distribution of finished products.
- Ecosystem: There is a supportive manufacturing ecosystem of suppliers, distributors, and service providers.
- Government Support: Government initiatives and policies encourage electronics manufacturing within the country.
- Cost Competitiveness: Automation and favorable corporate tax rates have improved cost competitiveness.
Major Product Segments
The major product segments of the electronics manufacturing industry include:
- Semiconductors and integrated circuits
- Printed circuit boards
- Passive components like resistors, capacitors, and inductors
- Connectors, cables, and wiring accessories
- Computer hardware like laptops, tablets, and peripherals
- Communication equipment like routers, switches, antennas
- Consumer electronics like TVs, smartphones, wearables
- Automotive electronics like infotainment systems and ADAS
- Medical electronics like CT scanners, patient monitors
- Industrial electronics like robots, control systems, sensors
- Aerospace and defense electronics like avionics, radar, GPS
Top 12 Electronics Manufacturing Companies in USA
Headquarters: Santa Clara, CA
Major Products: Microprocessors, chipsets, embedded processors, motherboard components, networking equipment
Manufacturing Facilities: Arizona, New Mexico, Oregon, Massachusetts, Ireland, Israel, China
Annual Revenue (2022): $63.1 billion
Intel is the leading American multinational corporation that designs and manufactures semiconductor chips and microprocessors. Intel invents groundbreaking chip designs that become the building blocks of technologies. The company manufactures the majority of its semiconductor chips in the United States.
Headquarters: San Diego, CA
Major Products: Mobile processors, modems, wireless communication chips, RF front-end modules, automotive semiconductors
Manufacturing Facilities: US, Taiwan, Germany, China
Annual Revenue (2022): $44.2 billion
Qualcomm is a global leader in wireless technology development and manufacturing. The company is a major supplier of application processors, modems, and other chips that enable mobile connectivity and high-speed data access. Qualcomm’s chips power a majority of the world’s smartphones.
Headquarters: Santa Clara, CA
Major Products: Graphics processing units (GPUs), system-on-a-chip units (SoCs), computer boards
Manufacturing Facilities: Taiwan, China, US
Annual Revenue (2022): $26.9 billion
NVIDIA is renowned as the leading designer of graphics processors and artificial intelligence computing platforms. The company’s advanced GPUs and AI platforms are used in high-end computing applications including gaming, autonomous vehicles, and data centers. NVIDIA manufactures its products primarily in Taiwan and China.
4. Texas Instruments
Headquarters: Dallas, TX
Major Products: Analog ICs, embedded processors, automotive ICs
Manufacturing Facilities: US, China, Japan, Malaysia
Annual Revenue (2022): $20.2 billion
Texas Instruments is among the top semiconductor companies globally, specializing in analog and embedded processing chips. TI’s chips play a key role in electronics like industrial equipment, automobiles, and personal electronics. The company has wafer fabrication plants in Texas and other countries.
5. Micron Technology
Headquarters: Boise, ID
Major Products: Memory and storage chips like DRAM, NAND, SSDs, flash
Manufacturing Facilities: US, Singapore, Japan, Taiwan, China
Annual Revenue (2022): $30.8 billion
Micron is a leading memory and storage manufacturer that produces DRAM, NAND, SSDs, and flash storage solutions. The company has a diversified global manufacturing footprint with fabrication plants in the US and Asia. Micron supplies memory chips for electronics like smartphones, servers, and vehicles.
6. ON Semiconductor
Headquarters: Phoenix, AZ
Major Products: Image sensors, power management ICs, microcontrollers, discrete semiconductors
Manufacturing Facilities: US, Belgium, Canada, China, Japan, Malaysia, Philippines
Annual Revenue (2022): $8.25 billion
ON Semiconductor manufactures a range of semiconductor components used in automotive, industrial, and consumer end-markets. The company has an extensive portfolio of power management, sensing, and connectivity chips. ON Semi has wafer fabrication facilities in the US and other countries.
7. Skyworks Solutions
Headquarters: Irvine, CA
Major Products: Radio frequency and analog semiconductors, modules
Manufacturing Facilities: US, Mexico, Japan, Taiwan, Singapore
Annual Revenue (2022): $5.1 billion
Skyworks Solutions develops advanced wireless connectivity solutions including power amplifiers, RF filters, and front-end modules. The company’s chips and modules enable wireless connectivity in smartphones, IoT devices, automotive electronics, and wireless infrastructure. Skyworks has manufacturing sites globally.
Headquarters: Durham, NC
Major Products: LED components, RF devices, SiC materials, power and RF devices
Manufacturing Facilities: US, China, Italy
Annual Revenue (2022): $2.4 billion
CREE is a manufacturer of semiconductor materials and electronic devices incorporating silicon carbide and gallium nitride. The company develops RF, power, and optical devices as well as LED components. CREE’s products cater to electric vehicles, wireless infrastructure, and other applications.
Headquarters: Greensboro, NC
Major Products: RF solutions, power amplifiers, front-end modules
Manufacturing Facilities: US, Germany, China, Japan, Taiwan, Singapore
Annual Revenue (2022): $4.6 billion
Qorvo is a leading supplier of RF systems-on-a-chip and other radio frequency solutions. The company offers a broad portfolio of RF components that enable wireless connectivity. Qorvo’s chips find use in smartphones, defense systems, IoT devices, and automotive electronics.
10. Microchip Technology
Headquarters: Chandler, AZ
Major Products: Microcontrollers, memory, analog semiconductors
Manufacturing Facilities: US, Thailand, Japan, Europe
Annual Revenue (2022): $6.7 billion
Microchip Technology manufactures microcontroller, mixed-signal, and Flash-IP integrated circuits. The company’s chips are used in embedded control applications across automotive, consumer, aerospace, and other industries. Microchip delivers low-power and low-cost chip solutions.
11. Northrop Grumman
Headquarters: Falls Church, VA
Major Products: Defense and aerospace systems, mission systems, electronics
Manufacturing Facilities: Across US
Annual Revenue (2022): $36.2 billion
Northrop Grumman is a leading global aerospace and defense technology company with significant electronics manufacturing capabilities. The company produces advanced defense electronics including communications systems, radars, sensors, electronic warfare systems, and avionics.
12. Rayming Technology
Headquarters: Shenzhen, China
Major Products: High Density Interconnect PCBs (HDI PCBs), Rigid-Flex PCBs, High-frequency PCBs
Manufacturing Facilities: China (Shenzhen, Wuhan, Guangzhou)
Annual Revenue (2022): $250 million
RayMing is one of the most reliable PCB manufacturing companies in China that provides advanced HDI, rigid-flex, and high frequency PCB fabrication and assembly services. The company utilizes cutting-edge manufacturing infrastructure to deliver complex PCBs for high-reliability applications.
Manufacturing Capabilities of Leading Players
The major electronics manufacturers in the US leverage extensive fabrication capabilities, advanced technologies, and sophisticated processes to drive innovation and deliver high-quality products:
- Lithography: Companies like Intel and Micron use cutting-edge lithography techniques like EUV to manufacture chips at finer geometries below 10nm. This enables fabrication of faster, more powerful, and energy-efficient chips.
- Packaging: Advanced packaging methods like multi-die integration, 3D stacking, and wafer-level packaging are used by companies like Intel, Micron, and TI to pack more functionality and performance.
- Fab Automation: Companies extensively use automation like robotics, autonomous material handling, and AI-based manufacturing to improve productivity and quality in chip fabrication.
- Testing: Rigorous testing capabilities for parameters like speed, power, thermal performance, and reliability using advanced tools like electron microscopes and CT scanners.
- Materials: Specialized materials like silicon carbide, gallium nitride, graphene, and wide bandgap semiconductors are leveraged by companies like Cree and Qorvo.
- Supply Chain: Companies maintain global supply chains spanning across materials, equipment, components, and serialization providers to enable responsive manufacturing.
Role in Advancing High-Tech Industries
The US electronics manufacturing industry plays a pivotal role in enabling cutting-edge innovation in several high-tech domains:
Aerospace and Defense
- Mission-critical avionics systems, in-flight entertainment systems
- Radar, LiDAR, and other sensors for surveillance and navigation
- Satellite communication systems
- Guided weapon systems and associated electronics
- Powertrain systems, engine control units (ECUs)
- ADAS components like imaging radar, LiDAR
- In-vehicle infotainment and connectivity
- Body electronics for lighting, HVAC, safety
- Diagnostic imaging systems like X-ray, MRI, ultrasound, CT scanners
- Patient monitoring equipment
- Wearable medical devices
- Implants like pacemakers
High Performance Computing
- Supercomputers, data servers
- AI accelerators and advanced GPUs
- High-speed memory and storage
Internet of Things
- Low power processors and sensors
- Communication modules
- Edge computing devices
- Smart home devices
- Wearables and hearables
- Smartphones, laptops, tablets
- Gaming consoles
- Process control systems
- Robotics and automation equipment
- Test and measurement instruments
- Power management systems
The cutting-edge electronics systems developed by these manufacturers enable innovation across major industries. Their continued manufacturing advancements help drive economic growth globally.
Distribution and Supply Chain Networks
The major electronics manufacturers maintain extensive sales, distribution, and customer support infrastructure to serve national and international markets:
- Direct Sales Teams: For major accounts and OEM customers.
- Distributors: Authorized distributors manage warehousing and supply products to customers.
- Channel Partners: Channel partners like resellers and systems integrators sell integrated solutions.
- Field Application Engineers: Provide technical presales support.
- Repair Depots: Provide after-sales support and repair services.
- Inside Sales Teams: Provide support to broad customer base and manage online sales.
- Global Logistics: Leverage sea, air, and road transport for distribution.
- Vendor Managed Inventory: Key customers are supported through direct inventory management.
- Software and Analytics: Deploy supply chain software, warehouse management systems, ERP/CRM software powered by analytics and AI.
- Strategic Sourcing: Carefully select and qualify raw material vendors, assembly partners, packaging partners, and other supply chain contributors.
The extensive sales and distribution machinery along with strategically designed supply chains enable these companies to deliver their electronic products seamlessly to customers across industry verticals.
Investments in Advanced Manufacturing
The major electronics companies are making significant investments to enhance their manufacturing infrastructure and adopt advanced technologies:
|Intel||Investing $20 billion in two new fabs in Arizona to support advanced logic and foundry manufacturing.|
|Texas Instruments||Invested over $2 billion over last 3 years in 300mm wafer fabs to improve capacity.|
|Micron||Investing $40 billion through end of decade to build leading-edge memory manufacturing in US.|
|Qualcomm||Investing to expand 5G chip production and advanced manufacturing capacity.|
|ON Semiconductor||Investing $720 million in 300mm fab expansion in New York.|
|Cree||Investing up to $1 billion to increase silicon carbide capacity.|
|NVIDIA||Investing over $6 billion in ARM chip manufacturing facilities.|
The major focus areas for these manufacturing investments include:
- Expanding advanced lithography techniques like EUV to ramp up sub-10nm manufacturing
- Adding 300mm and 200mm wafer fabrication capacity
- Ramping up advanced IC packaging production lines
- Expanding silicon carbide, gallium nitride capacity
- Adding new automated assembly and test facilities
- Improving sustainability through renewable energy and recycling initiatives
- Adding redundancy against supply chain disruptions
- Expanding US manufacturing footprint across states like Arizona, New York, Texas, Idaho
These significant investments will bolster America’s leadership in electronics manufacturing. The capacity expansion and technology advancement will benefit key end-markets. It will also create high-quality jobs and provide economic growth impetus.
Competitive Landscape and Market Outlook
The US faces competition from other low-cost electronics manufacturing locations like China, Taiwan, and Vietnam. However, strengths like skilled workforce, research infrastructure, intellectual property protection, and government support provide the US companies a competitive edge.
Industry reports suggest that the global electronics manufacturing services market is projected to reach over $1 trillion by 2026. This growth will be fueled by emerging technologies like electric vehicles, IoT devices, 5G equipment, AI accelerators, and advanced robotics.
American electronics manufacturers are well-poised to capitalize on this market growth based on their capabilities, geographic proximity to key customers, and expertise in advanced technologies. Developments like the CHIPS act will also boost domestic manufacturing.
In the long term, the electronics manufacturing industry in the US is expected to continue its growth momentum. The manufacturers will keep enhancing production scale and efficiency leveraging automation and smart manufacturing. They will also continue expanding their capabilities and capacity around advanced semiconductor nodes, RF solutions, power electronics, sensors, and embedded processing.
In summary, the United States is home to many leading global electronics manufacturing companies like Intel, Qualcomm, Nvidia, Texas Instruments, and Micron Technology. The industry employs over 250,000 professionals across the country.
These companies utilize state-of-the-art manufacturing infrastructure and processes to deliver high-value semiconductors, microprocessors, memory solutions, PCBs, and other advanced electronic components. Their cutting-edge products enable innovation across aerospace, automotive, medical, consumer, industrial, and defense sectors.
Ongoing investments by manufacturers in capacity expansion and adoption of Industry 4.0 technologies will bolster America’s electronics manufacturing leadership. The industry seems well-positioned to tap into the multi-trillion dollar global electronics manufacturing opportunity in the coming years driven by key megatrends. This will help accelerate the growth of the US economy while enabling next-gen technologies.
Frequently Asked Questions
Q1. Which US state has the largest electronics manufacturing industry?
California has the largest electronics manufacturing industry in the US, accounting for over 30% of the nation’s electronics manufacturing workforce. Key manufacturing hubs in California include Silicon Valley, San Diego, Los Angeles, and the San Francisco Bay area.
Q2. What are some emerging trends in electronics manufacturing?
Some key emerging trends include:
- Adoption of 5G and advanced wireless technologies
- Manufacturing components for electric vehicles and ADAS systems
- Leveraging AI and machine learning for smart manufacturing
- Focus on sustainability and energy efficiency
- Advanced semiconductor packaging techniques
- Building resilient supply chains with nearshoring
Q3. Which American company is the largest semiconductor manufacturer?
Intel is the largest semiconductor manufacturer in the United States with major fabrication plants in Oregon, Arizona, New Mexico and Massachusetts. The company is investing heavily to maintain its leadership in advanced logic chip manufacturing.
Q4. Is the electronic manufacturing services (EMS) industry growing in the US?
Yes, the US EMS industry including major contract manufacturers like Flex, Jabil and Sanmina are experiencing strong growth driven by demand for new electronics across sectors. The EMS industry revenue in North America is forecast to grow from $93 billion in 2021 to over $130 billion by 2025.