Have you ever tried to use a certain function in a 3D formula in Excel, only to find that it doesn’t work? It can be frustrating to spend time trying to figure out what went wrong, especially if you’re not sure which functions are compatible with 3D formulas. In this article, we’ll take a closer look at which function cannot be used in a 3D formula.

First, it’s important to understand what a 3D formula is. In Excel, a 3D formula refers to a formula that references the same cell or range of cells on multiple worksheets. This can be useful if you have a workbook with multiple sheets that contain similar data, and you want to perform a calculation that involves all of the data at once. However, not all functions are compatible with 3D formulas.

One function that cannot be used in a 3D formula is the INDIRECT function. This function is used to return the value of a cell or range of cells based on a text string that represents the cell reference. While the INDIRECT function can be useful in many situations, it cannot be used in a 3D formula because it does not support references to cells on multiple worksheets. If you try to use the INDIRECT function in a 3D formula, you’ll likely encounter an error message that says “A value used in the formula is of the wrong data type.”

## What is a 3D formula?

In Excel, a 3D formula refers to a formula that references the same cell or range of cells across multiple worksheets. This means that you can perform calculations or functions on data that is spread across several sheets without having to manually enter the same formula on each sheet.

For example, suppose you have a workbook with three sheets labeled “North,” “South,” and “East.” Each sheet contains sales data for a specific region. You can use a 3D formula to calculate the total sales across all three regions by referencing the same cell or range of cells on each sheet.

To create a 3D formula, you need to use a special syntax that includes the worksheet names in the formula. The syntax for a 3D formula is:

`=functionName(sheet1:sheet3!A1)`

In this example, `functionName`

is the name of the function you want to use, such as `SUM`

or `AVERAGE`

. `Sheet1`

and `Sheet3`

are the names of the worksheets you want to reference, and `A1`

is the cell or range of cells you want to reference.

It’s important to note that not all functions can be used in a 3D formula. Some functions only work on data within a single worksheet and cannot be used to calculate data across multiple sheets.

Here is a list of functions that cannot be used in a 3D formula:

`CELL`

`ERROR.TYPE`

`INFO`

`ISBLANK`

`ISERR`

`ISERROR`

`ISLOGICAL`

`ISNA`

`ISNONTEXT`

`ISNUMBER`

`ISTEXT`

`N`

`NA`

`SHEET`

`SHEETS`

`TYPE`

If you try to use one of these functions in a 3D formula, you will receive an error message. However, there are many other functions that can be used in a 3D formula, such as `SUM`

, `AVERAGE`

, `MAX`

, `MIN`

, `PRODUCT`

, and more.

In summary, a 3D formula is a powerful tool that allows you to perform calculations and functions on data that is spread across multiple worksheets. By using the correct syntax and selecting the appropriate functions, you can save time and streamline your workflow in Excel.

## Functions that can be used in a 3D formula

When using a 3D reference formula in Microsoft Excel, you can use several functions to perform calculations across multiple worksheets. Here are some of the functions that can be used in a 3D formula:

### SUM

The SUM function is used to add up the values in a range of cells. To use the SUM function in a 3D reference formula, select the cell where you want to enter the formula, type an equal sign, enter the function’s name (SUM), and type an opening parenthesis. Then, click on the first worksheet that you want to include in the 3D reference, and drag your mouse to select the range of cells you want to add up. Repeat this process for each worksheet you want to include in the 3D reference, separating each range of cells with a comma.

### AVERAGE

The AVERAGE function is used to calculate the average value of a range of cells. To use the AVERAGE function in a 3D reference formula, follow the same steps as for the SUM function, but replace “SUM” with “AVERAGE”.

### MAX and MIN

The MAX function is used to find the highest value in a range of cells, while the MIN function is used to find the lowest value. To use these functions in a 3D reference formula, follow the same steps as for the SUM function, but replace “SUM” with “MAX” or “MIN”, as appropriate.

### COUNT

The COUNT function is used to count the number of cells in a range that contain numbers. To use the COUNT function in a 3D reference formula, follow the same steps as for the SUM function, but replace “SUM” with “COUNT”.

In summary, several functions can be used in a 3D reference formula in Microsoft Excel, including SUM, AVERAGE, MAX, MIN, and COUNT. By using these functions, you can perform calculations across multiple worksheets and save time and effort.

## Which Function Cannot be Used in a 3D Formula?

A 3D formula is a formula that references the same cell or range across multiple worksheets. It allows you to perform calculations on data that is spread across multiple sheets. However, not all functions can be used in a 3D formula.

Some functions that cannot be used in a 3D formula are:

- CELL references: Cell references like A1, B2, etc., cannot be used in a 3D formula. This is because the cell reference is specific to a single worksheet, and a 3D formula references multiple worksheets.
- RANGE references: Range references like A1:B5, C3:D6, etc., also cannot be used in a 3D formula. This is because a range reference is specific to a single worksheet, and a 3D formula references multiple worksheets.
- OFFSET: The OFFSET function cannot be used in a 3D formula. This is because the OFFSET function returns a reference to a single cell or range on a single worksheet.

On the other hand, some functions that can be used in a 3D formula are:

- SUM: The SUM function can be used to add up numerical values across multiple worksheets.
- AVERAGE: The AVERAGE function can be used to calculate the arithmetic mean of numbers across multiple worksheets.
- COUNT: The COUNT function can be used to count cells with numbers across multiple worksheets.

In summary, while 3D formulas are a powerful tool in Excel, not all functions can be used in them. It is important to keep in mind which functions are compatible with 3D formulas when working with multiple worksheets.

## Why can’t INDIRECT function be used in a 3D formula?

The INDIRECT function in Excel is a powerful tool that allows users to reference cells in other worksheets or workbooks using a text string. However, it cannot be used in a 3D formula.

A 3D formula is a formula that references the same cell or range across multiple worksheets. To create a 3D formula, users typically use the SUM or other functions and specify the range of cells they want to include in the formula.

The reason why the INDIRECT function cannot be used in a 3D formula is that it returns a reference to a single cell or range of cells, not a range that spans multiple worksheets. As a result, Excel cannot evaluate the reference correctly and returns a #REF! error.

To illustrate this, consider the following example. Let’s say we have three worksheets named Sheet1, Sheet2, and Sheet3, and we want to sum the values in cell A1 of each sheet. We could use the following formula:

`=SUM(Sheet1:Sheet3!A1)`

This formula creates a 3D reference that includes all three sheets. However, if we try to use the INDIRECT function to reference the same cells, we get an error:

`=SUM(INDIRECT("Sheet1:Sheet3!A1"))`

This formula returns a #REF! error because Excel cannot evaluate the reference correctly.

In conclusion, the INDIRECT function cannot be used in a 3D formula because it returns a reference to a single cell or range of cells, not a range that spans multiple worksheets. Users should use other functions, such as SUM, to create 3D formulas that reference the same cell or range across multiple worksheets.

## Conclusion

In conclusion, we have seen how 3D reference formulas can be used to summarize data from multiple worksheets in Microsoft Excel. However, not all functions can be used in a 3D formula.

Based on our research, we found that the following functions cannot be used in a 3D formula:

`SUMIF`

`AVERAGEIF`

`COUNTIF`

`SUMIFS`

`AVERAGEIFS`

`COUNTIFS`

It’s important to note that these functions can still be used on individual worksheets, but they cannot be used in a 3D formula that references multiple worksheets.

When creating a 3D formula, it’s important to carefully consider which functions will be used and whether they can be applied to multiple worksheets. In some cases, it may be necessary to use alternative formulas or to manually summarize data from multiple worksheets.

Overall, 3D reference formulas can be a powerful tool for summarizing data in Microsoft Excel, but it’s important to be aware of their limitations and to use them appropriately. By understanding which functions can and cannot be used in a 3D formula, users can create more effective and accurate summaries of their data.