Learn How to Draw a 3D Cube Step-by-Step: A Beginner’s Guide

Posted by

Drawing a 3D cube can be a challenging task for beginners, but with the right guidance, anyone can learn how to do it. In this article, we will provide step-by-step instructions on how to draw a 3D cube that looks realistic and visually appealing.

Before we start, it’s important to understand the basics of perspective drawing. A 3D cube is essentially a three-dimensional object, and in order to make it look realistic, we need to create the illusion of depth and dimensionality. This can be achieved by using vanishing points and horizon lines, which are essential elements of perspective drawing.

Now that we have covered the basics, let’s get started on drawing a 3D cube step by step. With a little practice and patience, you’ll be able to create stunning 3D drawings that are sure to impress your friends and family.

Materials Needed

If you want to learn how to draw a 3D cube, you will need some basic materials. Here are the essential tools you will need to get started:


The first thing you will need is paper. You can use any type of paper you like, but it’s best to use a high-quality paper that is thick enough to handle the pressure of your drawing tools. A sketchpad with heavyweight paper is a great option for beginners.


A pencil is the most important tool you will need for drawing a 3D cube. You can use any type of pencil you like, but it’s best to use a mechanical pencil with an HB lead. This will give you a fine line that is easy to erase if you make a mistake.


A ruler is an essential tool for drawing straight lines and measuring the size of your cube. You can use any type of ruler you like, but it’s best to use a transparent ruler that will allow you to see your drawing underneath.


An eraser is an important tool for correcting mistakes and cleaning up your drawing. You can use any type of eraser you like, but it’s best to use a kneaded eraser that can be shaped to fit the area you need to erase.

Optional Tools

If you want to take your drawing to the next level, you can use some optional tools. Here are a few tools that can help you create a more detailed and realistic 3D cube:

  • Compass: A compass can help you draw perfect circles and arcs.
  • Protractor: A protractor can help you measure angles accurately.
  • Colored Pencils: Colored pencils can help you add shading and color to your drawing.

That’s it! With these basic materials, you’ll be ready to start drawing your 3D cube.

Drawing a Basic Cube

Step 1: Draw a Square

To begin drawing a 3D cube, start by drawing a square. Use a ruler or a steady hand to ensure that all four sides are equal in length and that all four corners are 90-degree angles. This square will be the base of your cube.

Step 2: Connect the Corners

Next, connect the corners of your square with straight lines. These lines will create the sides of your cube. Be sure to keep the lines straight and parallel to each other. This will help create a more realistic-looking cube.

Step 3: Add Depth and Perspective

To add depth and perspective to your cube, draw diagonal lines connecting the corners of your square. These lines will create the illusion of depth and make your cube appear three-dimensional. Make sure the diagonal lines are parallel to each other and that they meet at the same point on each side of the square.

Once you have completed these three steps, you should have a basic 3D cube. Practice drawing cubes from different angles to improve your skills. With time and practice, you’ll be able to draw more complex 3D shapes and objects.

Shading the Cube

To bring your 3D cube to life, you’ll need to add shading. This will give your cube depth and make it look more realistic. Follow these steps to shade your cube like a pro.

Step 1: Determine the Light Source

Before you start shading, you need to determine where the light is coming from. This will help you decide where to add shadows and highlights. Imagine a light source above and to the right of your cube. This means that the top and right sides of the cube will be lighter, while the bottom and left sides will be darker.

Step 2: Add Shadows and Highlights

Now that you know where the light is coming from, you can start adding shadows and highlights. Use a darker shade of the cube’s color to shade the bottom and left sides. Use a lighter shade to highlight the top and right sides. You can also add a darker shade to the edges of the cube to make it look more three-dimensional.

Step 3: Blend the Shading

To make the shading look more natural, you’ll need to blend it. Use a blending tool, such as your finger or a blending stump, to blend the shading. This will soften the edges and create a smoother transition between the shades.

Remember to take your time and practice shading on a separate piece of paper before adding it to your final drawing. With a little practice, you’ll be shading your 3D cubes like a pro in no time!

Here’s a quick summary of the steps:

  1. Determine the light source.
  2. Add shadows and highlights.
  3. Blend the shading.

Adding Details

To make your 3D cube drawing more realistic, you can add some details to it. Here are some steps you can follow to add details to your 3D cube drawing.

Step 1: Draw Additional Lines

To add depth and dimension to your cube, you can draw additional lines on the sides of the cube. These lines will help to create the illusion of shadows and highlights, making your cube look more three-dimensional.

Start by drawing a line on each side of the cube, parallel to the edges. Then, draw two more lines on each side, perpendicular to the first line. These lines should be slightly curved, to create the illusion of depth.

Step 2: Add Texture

To make your cube look more realistic, you can add some texture to it. You can use shading to create the illusion of texture, or you can use crosshatching to create a more detailed texture.

Start by shading the sides of the cube, using a light pencil stroke to create a gradient effect. Then, use a darker pencil to add some crosshatching to the sides of the cube, creating a more detailed texture.

Step 3: Final Touches

To finish your 3D cube drawing, you can add some final touches. This can include adding highlights to the top of the cube, or adding shadows to the bottom of the cube.

You can also use a blending tool to smooth out any rough edges or lines in your drawing, creating a more polished look.

By following these steps, you can create a more realistic and detailed 3D cube drawing.


In conclusion, drawing a 3D cube can seem daunting at first, but with practice and patience, it can become a fun and rewarding skill to master. Remember to start with the basic shapes, and gradually add details as you go.

Here are some key takeaways to keep in mind:

  • Practice drawing cubes from different angles to improve your spatial awareness.
  • Pay attention to the placement of the vanishing points, as this will affect the perspective of your cube.
  • Use shading and highlights to create depth and dimension in your cube.
  • Experiment with different materials and techniques to find what works best for you.

By following these steps and tips, you’ll be able to draw a 3D cube with confidence and ease. Don’t be afraid to make mistakes and keep practicing, as the more you draw, the better you’ll become. Happy drawing!