Create Stunning 3D Lithograph Prints: A Step-by-Step Guide

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3D printing has revolutionized the way we create and design objects. One of the most fascinating applications of this technology is the ability to create lithophanes – 3D prints that reveal an image when lit from behind. Lithophanes have been around for centuries, but with 3D printing, it is now easier than ever to create your own.

To create a lithophane 3D print, you will need an image, a 3D printer, and some basic knowledge of 3D modeling. There are several online tools available that can help you convert your 2D image into a 3D model suitable for printing. These tools allow you to adjust the depth, thickness, and other parameters of your lithophane to achieve the desired effect. Once you have your 3D model, you can print it using a standard 3D printer and filament of your choice.

If you’re interested in creating your own lithophane 3D print, there are many resources available online to help you get started. From tutorials to software tools, the internet is full of information on this fascinating topic. With a little bit of patience and practice, you can create stunning lithophane 3D prints that will amaze your friends and family.

What is a Lithograph 3D Print?


A lithograph 3D print is a type of 3D print that uses the technique of lithophanes to create a unique, 3D printed image. A lithophane is a translucent image that is created by varying the thickness of the material in the print. When light is shone through the print, the varying thicknesses of the material create a 3D image that appears to be floating in the air.

Lithograph 3D prints are unique because they allow the creation of 3D images that can be viewed from any angle. Unlike traditional 2D prints, lithograph 3D prints can be viewed from different angles, and the image will still appear to be 3D.


Lithograph 3D prints have a wide range of applications. They are commonly used in art and design to create unique, 3D printed images that can be used in a variety of ways. Some of the most common applications of lithograph 3D prints include:

  • Art: Lithograph 3D prints are often used in art to create unique, 3D printed images that can be displayed in galleries or sold as art pieces.

  • Home decor: Lithograph 3D prints can be used to create unique, 3D printed lamps, nightlights, and other home decor items.

  • Gifts: Lithograph 3D prints can be used to create unique, personalized gifts that are perfect for birthdays, weddings, and other special occasions.

  • Education: Lithograph 3D prints can be used in education to create unique, 3D printed models that can be used to teach students about a wide range of topics.

Overall, lithograph 3D prints are a unique and versatile type of 3D print that can be used in a wide range of applications. Whether you are an artist, designer, or educator, a lithograph 3D print can help you create a unique and memorable image that is sure to impress.

Materials Needed

To make a lithophane 3D print, you will need a few essential materials. Here are the three main components you will need to get started:

3D Printer

The first thing you will need is a 3D printer. There are many different types of 3D printers available on the market, ranging from entry-level models to high-end machines. When selecting a 3D printer, it is important to consider factors such as build volume, resolution, and print speed.

If you are new to 3D printing, we recommend starting with an entry-level printer such as the Creality Ender 3 or Monoprice Select Mini. These models are affordable, easy to use, and provide a good balance of print quality and speed.

Lithograph Software

Once you have a 3D printer, you will need to use lithograph software to create your 3D model. There are many different software options available, ranging from free open-source programs to commercial software packages.

Some popular lithograph software options include:

  • LithophaneMaker
  • Cura
  • Simplify3D
  • 3D Builder

When selecting a lithograph software, consider factors such as ease of use, compatibility with your 3D printer, and the features available.


Finally, you will need filament to create your 3D print. Filament is the plastic material that is used by your 3D printer to create the physical object.

For lithophane 3D prints, we recommend using white PLA filament. PLA is easy to print with, produces high-quality prints, and is widely available. Other materials such as PETG can also be used for 3D print photo lithophane.

When selecting filament, consider factors such as diameter, color, and brand. It is important to choose a high-quality filament with good dimensional accuracy to ensure the best possible print quality.

Preparing the Lithograph 3D Print

Before you can 3D print a lithograph, you need to prepare the model. This involves designing the model, exporting it, and slicing it. Here’s how to do it:

Designing the Model

The first step in preparing a lithograph 3D print is designing the model. You can use any 3D modeling software to create the model. Some popular options include Blender, SketchUp, and Tinkercad. When designing the model, keep in mind that it will be printed as a lithograph, so choose an image that will look good when printed in grayscale.

Exporting the Model

Once you have designed the model, you need to export it in a format that your 3D printer can understand. The most common file format for 3D printing is STL (Standard Triangle Language). Most 3D modeling software can export models in STL format. If your software doesn’t support STL export, you can use a free online converter.

Slicing the Model

The final step in preparing a lithograph 3D print is slicing the model. Slicing is the process of dividing the model into thin layers and generating the G-code that tells the 3D printer how to print each layer. To slice the model, you need slicing software. One popular option is Cura, which is free and open-source.

When slicing the model, you need to choose the right settings for your printer and the material you are using. This includes the layer height, print speed, and temperature. You can find recommended settings for your printer and material online or experiment with different settings to find what works best for you.

In conclusion, preparing a lithograph 3D print involves designing the model, exporting it in STL format, and slicing it using slicing software. By following these steps and choosing the right settings, you can create a beautiful and unique lithograph 3D print.

Printing the Lithograph 3D Print

Before you start printing your lithograph 3D print, make sure that your printer is properly calibrated and that the filament is loaded correctly. Here are the steps you need to follow:

Loading the Filament

The first step in printing your lithograph 3D print is to load the filament into your printer. Follow these steps:

  1. Turn on your 3D printer and let it heat up to the recommended temperature for your filament.
  2. Cut a length of filament and insert it into the filament guide tube on your printer.
  3. Push the filament through the tube until it reaches the extruder.
  4. Use the printer’s control panel to feed the filament into the extruder until it comes out of the nozzle.

Calibrating the Printer

Before you start printing, it’s important to calibrate your printer to ensure that it’s printing accurately. Follow these steps:

  1. Use a calibration tool to make sure that your printer’s bed is level.
  2. Adjust the printer’s nozzle height to ensure that it’s the correct distance from the bed.
  3. Use your printer’s software to adjust the print settings, including the temperature, speed, and layer height.

Starting the Print

Once your printer is calibrated and the filament is loaded, you’re ready to start printing your lithograph 3D print. Follow these steps:

  1. Use your 3D printing software to load the lithograph file.
  2. Adjust the print settings as needed.
  3. Start the print and monitor it closely to ensure that it’s printing correctly.
  4. Once the print is finished, remove the lithograph 3D print from the printer’s bed and clean it up as needed.

By following these steps, you should be able to successfully print your lithograph 3D print. Remember to always monitor your printer closely and make adjustments as needed to ensure the best possible print quality.


Once your lithophane 3D print is complete, there are a few post-printing steps you’ll need to take to ensure your final product looks its best. In this section, we’ll cover removing the print, cleaning the print, and finishing the print.

Removing the Print

Before you can begin post-processing your lithophane 3D print, you’ll need to remove it from the build plate. To do this, use a spatula or scraper to gently pry the print off the plate. Be careful not to damage the print or the build plate in the process.

Cleaning the Print

Once you’ve removed the print, you’ll need to clean it to remove any residue or support material. Begin by using a soft-bristled brush to gently scrub the print, being careful not to damage any delicate features. Then, rinse the print under running water to remove any remaining debris.

For more stubborn residue, you may need to use a cleaning solution. Isopropyl alcohol is a common choice for cleaning 3D prints, as it is effective at removing residue without damaging the print. Simply soak the print in the alcohol for a few minutes, then rinse it off with water.

Finishing the Print

After cleaning the print, you may want to apply a finishing touch to enhance its appearance. One popular option is to sand the surface of the print to smooth out any rough spots or imperfections. Start with a coarse grit sandpaper and gradually work your way up to a finer grit for a smooth finish.

Another option is to apply a clear coat to the print to give it a glossy finish. This can be done using a spray or brush-on clear coat, but be sure to use a product that is safe for use on 3D prints.

In conclusion, post-processing is an important step in creating a high-quality lithophane 3D print. By following these steps to remove, clean, and finish your print, you’ll be able to create a beautiful and professional-looking final product.