What is Edge Connector Bevelling?

Posted by

The Importance of Edge Connector Bevelling

Properly bevelled edge connectors offer several benefits that contribute to the overall performance and reliability of electronic devices:

  1. Improved Mating: Bevelled edges facilitate smoother insertion and removal of connectors, reducing the risk of damage during the mating process.
  2. Increased Durability: Angled edges minimize wear and tear on connectors, prolonging their lifespan and maintaining the integrity of connections over time.
  3. Enhanced Signal Integrity: Properly bevelled connectors ensure optimal contact between mating surfaces, reducing signal loss and maintaining signal integrity.

Types of Edge Connector Bevelling

There are two primary types of edge connector bevelling:


V-cutting involves creating a V-shaped groove along the edge of the PCB connector. This method is commonly used for thicker PCBs and provides a robust, durable connection. The angle of the V-cut can vary depending on the specific requirements of the application.

Straight Bevelling

Straight bevelling, also known as chamfering, creates a straight angled edge on the PCB connector. This method is suitable for thinner PCBs and offers a more compact design compared to V-cutting. The angle of the straight bevel is typically between 20° and 45°.

Edge Connector Bevelling Techniques

Several techniques can be employed to achieve the desired edge connector bevelling:

Mechanical Bevelling

Mechanical bevelling involves using specialized cutting tools, such as routers or milling machines, to physically remove material from the edge of the PCB connector. This method offers precision and consistency but may be more time-consuming and costly compared to other techniques.

Chemical Etching

Chemical etching uses a controlled chemical process to remove material from the edge of the PCB connector. This method is highly accurate and can produce complex bevelling profiles. However, it requires specialized equipment and hazardous chemicals, making it less accessible for some manufacturers.

Laser Cutting

Laser cutting employs high-powered lasers to vaporize material from the edge of the PCB connector. This technique offers excellent precision and can be automated for high-volume production. However, laser cutting equipment can be expensive, and the process may produce heat-affected zones that require additional processing.

Factors to Consider When Choosing Edge Connector Bevelling

When selecting the appropriate edge connector bevelling method for a specific application, several factors must be considered:

  1. PCB Thickness: The thickness of the PCB will influence the choice of bevelling technique. Thicker PCBs may require V-cutting, while thinner PCBs may be better suited for straight bevelling.
  2. Material Composition: The material composition of the PCB and its connectors can affect the bevelling process. Some materials may be more difficult to bevel or require specialized techniques.
  3. Performance Requirements: The desired performance characteristics, such as signal integrity and durability, will dictate the appropriate bevelling method and angle.
  4. Production Volume: The anticipated production volume will influence the choice of bevelling technique, as some methods may be more efficient for high-volume manufacturing.
  5. Cost Considerations: The cost of equipment, materials, and labor associated with each bevelling method should be evaluated to determine the most cost-effective solution for a given application.

Edge Connector Bevelling Standards and Specifications

Several industry standards and specifications provide guidelines for edge connector bevelling:


The IPC-A-600 standard, developed by the Association Connecting Electronics Industries (IPC), provides acceptability criteria for printed circuit boards. This standard includes guidelines for edge connector bevelling, specifying acceptable angles and dimensions for V-cuts and straight bevels.


The MIL-PRF-31032 specification, issued by the United States Department of Defense, defines requirements for printed circuit board and printed wiring board manufacturing. This specification includes provisions for edge connector bevelling, outlining acceptable methods and dimensions.


The ANSI/EIA-364 series of standards, developed by the Electronic Components Industry Association (ECIA), provides test methods and procedures for electrical connectors. These standards include guidelines for evaluating the performance and reliability of edge connector bevelling.

Best Practices for Edge Connector Bevelling

To ensure optimal performance and reliability of edge connector bevelling, consider the following best practices:

  1. Consistent Angle and Depth: Maintain consistent bevel angles and depths across all connectors to ensure proper mating and prevent uneven wear.
  2. Smooth Finish: Ensure that bevelled edges have a smooth finish, free from burrs or rough spots that could interfere with mating or cause damage to connectors.
  3. Proper Alignment: Verify that bevelled edges are properly aligned with the mating connector to prevent misalignment and ensure reliable connections.
  4. Regular Inspection: Conduct regular inspections of bevelled connectors to identify any signs of wear, damage, or contamination that could compromise performance.
  5. Compatibility Testing: Perform compatibility testing between bevelled connectors and mating components to ensure proper fit and function.

Edge Connector Bevelling in Different Industries

Edge connector bevelling finds applications in various industries, each with its specific requirements and challenges:

Consumer Electronics

In the consumer electronics industry, edge connector bevelling is crucial for ensuring reliable connections between PCBs and components in devices such as smartphones, tablets, and laptops. The compact nature of these devices requires precise, durable, and space-efficient bevelling solutions.

Automotive Electronics

Automotive electronics demand high reliability and durability, as they must withstand harsh environmental conditions and vibrations. Edge connector bevelling in this industry must prioritize robust, secure connections that can maintain signal integrity over extended periods.

Industrial Electronics

Industrial electronics applications, such as process control systems and automation equipment, require edge connector bevelling that can withstand extreme temperatures, moisture, and other challenging conditions. Bevelling solutions in this industry must be designed for long-term reliability and ease of maintenance.

Medical Electronics

Medical electronics devices, such as patient monitoring systems and diagnostic equipment, require edge connector bevelling that ensures reliable, accurate data transmission. Bevelling solutions in this industry must adhere to strict regulatory requirements and prioritize patient safety.

Aerospace and Defense Electronics

Aerospace and defense electronics applications demand the highest levels of performance, reliability, and durability. Edge connector bevelling in this industry must meet stringent military and aerospace standards, ensuring optimal function in critical systems and harsh environments.

Edge Connector Bevelling Advancements and Future Trends

As electronic devices continue to evolve, edge connector bevelling techniques and technologies must adapt to meet new challenges and requirements:


The ongoing trend of miniaturization in electronics drives the need for smaller, more precise edge connector bevelling solutions. Advancements in laser cutting and chemical etching technologies may enable the creation of ultra-fine, high-density bevelled connectors.

High-Speed Connectors

The increasing demand for high-speed data transmission in applications such as 5G networks and data centers requires edge connector bevelling that can maintain signal integrity at higher frequencies. New materials and bevelling techniques may be developed to minimize signal loss and ensure reliable high-speed connections.

Sustainable Materials

As environmental concerns drive the adoption of sustainable materials in electronics manufacturing, edge connector bevelling processes may need to adapt to work with eco-friendly, biodegradable, or recyclable PCB materials.

Automation and Industry 4.0

The integration of automation, artificial intelligence, and machine learning in manufacturing processes may lead to more efficient, precise, and adaptive edge connector bevelling solutions. Automated inspection systems and self-optimizing bevelling machines could improve quality control and reduce production costs.


  1. Q: What is the difference between V-cutting and straight bevelling?
    A: V-cutting creates a V-shaped groove along the edge of the PCB connector, while straight bevelling creates a straight angled edge. V-cutting is commonly used for thicker PCBs, while straight bevelling is suitable for thinner PCBs and offers a more compact design.

  2. Q: What are the main factors to consider when choosing an edge connector bevelling method?
    A: The main factors to consider include PCB thickness, material composition, performance requirements, production volume, and cost considerations. Each factor will influence the choice of bevelling technique and the overall success of the bevelling process.

  3. Q: What are some industry standards that provide guidelines for edge connector bevelling?
    A: Some key industry standards include IPC-A-600, developed by the Association Connecting Electronics Industries (IPC), MIL-PRF-31032, issued by the United States Department of Defense, and the ANSI/EIA-364 series, developed by the Electronic Components Industry Association (ECIA).

  4. Q: How can I ensure optimal performance and reliability of edge connector bevelling?
    A: Best practices for ensuring optimal performance and reliability include maintaining consistent bevel angles and depths, ensuring a smooth finish on bevelled edges, verifying proper alignment with mating connectors, conducting regular inspections, and performing compatibility testing.

  5. Q: What are some future trends in edge connector bevelling?
    A: Future trends in edge connector bevelling include adapting to the ongoing miniaturization of electronics, developing solutions for high-speed connectors, working with sustainable materials, and integrating automation and Industry 4.0 technologies into the bevelling process.

In conclusion, edge connector bevelling is a critical process in the manufacturing of printed circuit boards, ensuring proper mating, reliable connections, and optimal performance in electronic devices. By understanding the various bevelling techniques, industry standards, and best practices, manufacturers can select the most appropriate solution for their specific application and adapt to the ever-evolving demands of the electronics industry.