TG 150 PCB Vs TG 180 PCB Vs TG 140 PCB

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Introduction to TG PCB

TG (Glass Transition Temperature) is a critical parameter in the manufacturing and selection of printed circuit boards (PCBs). It represents the temperature at which the PCB material transitions from a rigid, glassy state to a more flexible, rubbery state. The TG value of a PCB material directly impacts its performance, reliability, and durability in various applications. In this article, we will explore the differences between TG 150 PCB, TG 180 PCB, and TG 140 PCB, and discuss their respective advantages and applications.

What is TG in PCB?

TG, or Glass Transition Temperature, is a measure of the temperature at which a PCB material undergoes a significant change in its physical properties. At temperatures below the TG, the PCB material is rigid and maintains its dimensional stability. However, as the temperature increases and surpasses the TG, the material becomes more pliable and may experience changes in its electrical and mechanical characteristics.

The TG value is determined by the composition of the PCB material, primarily the resin system used in the laminate. Different resin systems, such as epoxy, polyimide, or bismaleimide, have varying TG values, which in turn affect the overall performance of the PCB.

Importance of TG in PCB Selection

When selecting a PCB material for a specific application, the TG value is a crucial consideration. The TG determines the maximum operating temperature that the PCB can withstand without compromising its structural integrity and electrical performance. PCBs with higher TG values are generally more suitable for applications that involve elevated temperatures or high-power components.

Moreover, the TG value also influences the PCB’s resistance to thermal stress and its ability to maintain stable electrical properties over a wide temperature range. PCBs with higher TG values exhibit better thermal stability, lower thermal expansion, and improved reliability in demanding environments.

TG 150 PCB

TG 150 PCB is a type of printed circuit board that has a glass transition temperature of 150°C. It is a common choice for many electronic applications due to its balanced performance and cost-effectiveness.

Composition and Properties

TG 150 PCB is typically made from FR-4 laminate, which is a composite material consisting of woven fiberglass cloth impregnated with an epoxy resin system. The epoxy resin used in TG 150 PCB has a glass transition temperature of 150°C, providing good thermal stability and mechanical strength.

Some key properties of TG 150 PCB include:
– Thermal stability up to 150°C
– Good dielectric properties
– Adequate mechanical strength and dimensional stability
– Reasonable moisture resistance
– Cost-effective solution for general-purpose applications


TG 150 PCB finds widespread use in various electronic applications, such as:
– Consumer electronics (e.g., smartphones, tablets, laptops)
– Industrial control systems
– Automotive electronics
– Telecommunications equipment
– Medical devices

Advantages and Limitations

TG 150 PCB offers several advantages, including:
– Suitable for most general-purpose applications
– Good balance between performance and cost
– Widely available and easy to manufacture
– Compatible with standard PCB Assembly processes

However, TG 150 PCB also has some limitations:
– Not recommended for high-temperature applications above 150°C
– May experience reduced reliability in harsh environments
– Limited thermal cycling capability compared to higher TG materials

TG 180 PCB

TG 180 PCB is a high-performance printed circuit board material that offers enhanced thermal stability and reliability compared to TG 150 PCB. It is designed to withstand higher operating temperatures and more demanding environmental conditions.

Composition and Properties

TG 180 PCB is manufactured using advanced resin systems, such as high-Tg epoxy or polyimide, which provide a glass transition temperature of 180°C. The higher TG value enables TG 180 PCB to maintain its mechanical and electrical properties at elevated temperatures.

Key properties of TG 180 PCB include:
– Excellent thermal stability up to 180°C
– Superior mechanical strength and dimensional stability
– Improved resistance to thermal stress and cycling
– Enhanced moisture resistance
– Better high-frequency performance


TG 180 PCB is preferred for applications that require higher reliability, thermal stability, and performance, such as:
– Automotive electronics (e.g., engine control units, sensors)
– Aerospace and defense systems
– High-power LED lighting
– Industrial equipment operating in harsh environments
– High-frequency communications devices

Advantages and Limitations

TG 180 PCB offers several advantages over TG 150 PCB:
– Increased thermal stability and reliability
– Ability to withstand higher operating temperatures
– Improved resistance to thermal stress and cycling
– Better performance in harsh environments
– Suitable for high-frequency applications

However, TG 180 PCB also has some limitations:
– Higher material and manufacturing costs compared to TG 150 PCB
– Reduced availability and longer lead times
– May require specialized processing and assembly techniques

TG 140 PCB

TG 140 PCB is a cost-effective alternative to TG 150 PCB, offering slightly lower thermal stability but still suitable for many general-purpose applications.

Composition and Properties

TG 140 PCB is manufactured using a lower-cost epoxy resin system that provides a glass transition temperature of 140°C. While it may not offer the same level of performance as TG 150 or TG 180 PCB, it still maintains adequate properties for a wide range of electronic applications.

Key properties of TG 140 PCB include:
– Thermal stability up to 140°C
– Acceptable dielectric properties
– Moderate mechanical strength and dimensional stability
– Cost-effective solution for budget-conscious projects


TG 140 PCB is suitable for applications that do not require the highest level of thermal stability or reliability, such as:
– Low-cost consumer electronics
– Prototype and development boards
– Educational and hobbyist projects
– Low-power electronic devices

Advantages and Limitations

TG 140 PCB offers some advantages:
– Lower material and manufacturing costs compared to TG 150 and TG 180 PCB
– Suitable for cost-sensitive applications
– Acceptable performance for many general-purpose projects

However, TG 140 PCB also has limitations:
– Limited thermal stability above 140°C
– Reduced reliability in harsh environments
– Not recommended for high-power or high-frequency applications

Comparison Table

Parameter TG 140 PCB TG 150 PCB TG 180 PCB
Glass Transition Temperature 140°C 150°C 180°C
Thermal Stability Moderate Good Excellent
Mechanical Strength Moderate Good Excellent
Moisture Resistance Acceptable Good Excellent
High-Frequency Performance Limited Adequate Excellent
Cost Low Moderate High
Availability High High Moderate
Typical Applications Low-cost consumer electronics, prototypes Consumer electronics, industrial control systems, automotive electronics Automotive electronics, aerospace, high-power LEDs, harsh environments

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)

  1. What is the main difference between TG 150, TG 180, and TG 140 PCB?
  2. The main difference lies in their glass transition temperatures (TG). TG 150 PCB has a TG of 150°C, TG 180 PCB has a TG of 180°C, and TG 140 PCB has a TG of 140°C. Higher TG values indicate better thermal stability and performance.

  3. Can I use TG 140 PCB for high-temperature applications?

  4. TG 140 PCB is not recommended for high-temperature applications above 140°C. For applications that require higher thermal stability, TG 150 or TG 180 PCB should be considered.

  5. Is TG 180 PCB more expensive than TG 150 PCB?

  6. Yes, TG 180 PCB is generally more expensive than TG 150 PCB due to the advanced resin systems and manufacturing processes required to achieve the higher glass transition temperature.

  7. Can I use TG 150 PCB for high-frequency applications?

  8. TG 150 PCB can be used for high-frequency applications, but its performance may be limited compared to TG 180 PCB. TG 180 PCB offers better high-frequency characteristics and is preferred for demanding high-frequency applications.

  9. What are the typical applications for TG 140 PCB?

  10. TG 140 PCB is commonly used in low-cost consumer electronics, prototype and development boards, educational and hobbyist projects, and low-power electronic devices where thermal stability requirements are not as stringent.


Understanding the differences between TG 150 PCB, TG 180 PCB, and TG 140 PCB is crucial for selecting the most suitable material for your electronic applications. The choice of TG value depends on factors such as the operating temperature range, environmental conditions, reliability requirements, and cost considerations.

TG 150 PCB offers a good balance between performance and cost, making it a popular choice for a wide range of applications. TG 180 PCB provides enhanced thermal stability and reliability, making it ideal for demanding applications in harsh environments or high-temperature conditions. TG 140 PCB serves as a cost-effective alternative for budget-conscious projects that do not require the highest level of thermal performance.

By carefully evaluating your application requirements and considering the properties and advantages of each TG PCB option, you can make an informed decision that ensures the optimal performance, reliability, and cost-effectiveness of your electronic products.