Highlighted Capability about Flex Rigid Flex PCB in RAYPCB

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Introduction to Flex-Rigid PCB

Flex-Rigid PCBs, also known as flexible-rigid printed circuit boards, are a unique combination of rigid and flexible substrates laminated together to create a single board. This innovative technology offers numerous advantages over traditional rigid PCBs, including increased design flexibility, improved reliability, and reduced overall size and weight. RAYPCB, a leading manufacturer of high-quality printed circuit boards, has extensive experience in producing Flex-Rigid PCBs for various applications across multiple industries.

What is a Flex-Rigid PCB?

A Flex-Rigid PCB is a hybrid circuit board that combines both rigid and flexible substrates. The rigid portions of the board provide structural support and house the majority of the components, while the flexible sections allow for bending, folding, or twisting of the board to fit into tight spaces or conform to unique shapes. The flexible portions are typically made from thin, flexible materials such as polyimide or polyester, while the rigid sections are made from standard PCB materials like FR-4.

Benefits of Flex-Rigid PCBs

Flex-Rigid PCBs offer several key benefits over traditional rigid PCBs:

  1. Design Flexibility: The ability to bend, fold, or twist the flexible portions of the board allows for greater design freedom and the ability to fit the PCB into tight or irregularly shaped spaces.

  2. Reduced Size and Weight: By eliminating the need for connectors and cables between multiple rigid boards, Flex-Rigid PCBs can significantly reduce the overall size and weight of electronic assemblies.

  3. Improved Reliability: Flex-Rigid PCBs minimize the number of interconnects and solder joints, which are common points of failure in electronic assemblies. This leads to improved reliability and longer product life.

  4. Cost Savings: Although the initial cost of a Flex-Rigid PCB may be higher than a traditional rigid board, the reduced assembly time, fewer components, and improved reliability can lead to overall cost savings in the long run.

RAYPCB’s Capabilities in Flex-Rigid PCB Manufacturing

RAYPCB has invested in state-of-the-art equipment and skilled personnel to provide top-notch Flex-Rigid PCB manufacturing services. Some of the key capabilities include:

Advanced Materials Selection

RAYPCB works with a wide range of advanced materials to create high-performance Flex-Rigid PCBs. These materials include:

Material Description Applications
Polyimide High-temperature resistance, excellent electrical properties Aerospace, military, medical
Polyester Lower cost, good flexibility, and electrical properties Consumer electronics, automotive
FR-4 Standard rigid PCB material, good mechanical and electrical properties General electronics

Multi-layer Flex-Rigid PCB Fabrication

RAYPCB can produce Flex-Rigid PCBs with multiple layers, allowing for more complex designs and higher component density. The company’s advanced manufacturing processes ensure reliable interlayer connections and consistent performance across all layers.

Layers Thickness Range Applications
2-4 0.8mm – 2.0mm Simple designs, low-density assemblies
6-10 1.6mm – 3.2mm Complex designs, high-density assemblies
12+ 3.2mm+ Highly complex designs, high-performance applications

Controlled Impedance

For applications requiring strict control over signal integrity, RAYPCB offers controlled impedance Flex-Rigid PCBs. By carefully managing the dimensions and spacing of traces, the company can produce boards with precise impedance values, minimizing signal distortion and ensuring optimal performance.

Fine-pitch Circuitry

RAYPCB’s advanced manufacturing capabilities enable the production of Flex-Rigid PCBs with fine-pitch circuitry, allowing for higher component density and smaller overall board sizes. The company can achieve trace widths and spacings as small as 50µm, making it possible to create highly compact and complex designs.

Rigid-Flex Bending and Folding

One of the key advantages of Flex-Rigid PCBs is the ability to bend and fold the flexible portions to fit into unique spaces or conform to specific shapes. RAYPCB has extensive experience in designing and manufacturing boards with various bending and folding configurations, ensuring reliable performance and long-term durability.

Applications of Flex-Rigid PCBs

Flex-Rigid PCBs are used in a wide range of industries and applications, leveraging their unique properties and benefits. Some common applications include:

Aerospace and Defense

In the aerospace and defense industries, Flex-Rigid PCBs are used in applications that require high reliability, compact size, and the ability to withstand harsh environments. Examples include:

  • Avionics systems
  • Satellite communications
  • Missile guidance systems
  • Wearable military technology

Medical Devices

Flex-Rigid PCBs are increasingly used in medical devices due to their ability to conform to the shape of the human body and their high reliability. Applications include:

  • Wearable health monitors
  • Implantable devices
  • Diagnostic equipment
  • Surgical instruments

Automotive Electronics

The automotive industry is adopting Flex-Rigid PCBs to create more compact and lightweight electronic assemblies. Applications include:

  • Infotainment systems
  • Driver assistance systems
  • Engine control units
  • Lighting systems

Consumer Electronics

Flex-Rigid PCBs are used in various consumer electronics to enable slim, compact designs and improve product durability. Examples include:

  • Smartphones and tablets
  • Wearable devices
  • Gaming consoles
  • Virtual reality headsets

RAYPCB’s Flex-Rigid PCB Design and Manufacturing Process

RAYPCB follows a comprehensive design and manufacturing process to ensure the highest quality Flex-Rigid PCBs for its customers.

Design and Prototyping

  1. Concept Development: RAYPCB’s team works closely with customers to understand their requirements and develop an initial concept for the Flex-Rigid PCB design.

  2. Feasibility Analysis: The company’s engineers analyze the feasibility of the proposed design, considering factors such as material selection, bend radius, and component placement.

  3. CAD Design: Using advanced CAD tools, RAYPCB creates a detailed design of the Flex-Rigid PCB, including layer stackup, trace routing, and component placement.

  4. Prototype Fabrication: Once the design is finalized, RAYPCB fabricates a prototype board for testing and validation.

Manufacturing and Quality Control

  1. Material Preparation: The selected materials for the rigid and flexible portions of the board are prepared and laminated together.

  2. Drilling and Plating: Holes are drilled through the board, and copper is plated onto the hole walls to create electrical connections between layers.

  3. Patterning and Etching: The desired circuit pattern is transferred onto the board, and unwanted copper is etched away.

  4. Solder Mask and Silkscreen: A solder mask is applied to protect the circuitry, and a silkscreen layer is added for component labeling and identification.

  5. Cutting and Forming: The board is cut to its final shape, and the flexible portions are formed into the desired configuration.

  6. Quality Control: Throughout the manufacturing process, RAYPCB conducts rigorous quality control checks to ensure that the Flex-Rigid PCBs meet the highest standards of quality and reliability.

Challenges and Considerations in Flex-Rigid PCB Design

Designing Flex-Rigid PCBs comes with its own set of challenges and considerations that differ from traditional rigid PCB design. Some key factors to keep in mind include:

Bend Radius and Flexibility

When designing the flexible portions of a Flex-Rigid PCB, it’s crucial to consider the minimum bend radius and the number of flex cycles the board will experience over its lifetime. The bend radius should be kept as large as possible to minimize stress on the copper traces and prevent fatigue failures.

Material Selection

Choosing the right materials for both the rigid and flexible portions of the board is essential for ensuring reliable performance and long-term durability. Factors to consider include the operating temperature range, mechanical stresses, and chemical exposure the board will experience in its intended application.

Stackup Design

The layer stackup of a Flex-Rigid PCB plays a critical role in determining its electrical performance and mechanical stability. Designers must carefully consider the number of layers, the arrangement of rigid and flexible sections, and the placement of copper planes and traces to optimize signal integrity and minimize EMI.

Component Placement

When placing components on a Flex-Rigid PCB, designers must take into account the mechanical stresses that will be placed on the components during bending and flexing of the board. Components should be placed on the rigid portions of the board whenever possible, and any components on the flexible sections should be carefully selected and oriented to minimize stress.


  1. Q: What is the minimum bend radius for a Flex-Rigid PCB?
    A: The minimum bend radius depends on several factors, including the thickness and material of the flexible substrate, the number of layers, and the copper weight. As a general rule, the minimum bend radius should be at least 10 times the thickness of the flexible portion of the board.

  2. Q: Can Flex-Rigid PCBs be used in high-temperature applications?
    A: Yes, Flex-Rigid PCBs can be designed for high-temperature applications by selecting appropriate materials, such as polyimide, which can withstand temperatures up to 260°C.

  3. Q: How do Flex-Rigid PCBs compare to traditional rigid PCBs in terms of cost?
    A: Flex-Rigid PCBs are typically more expensive than traditional rigid PCBs due to the added complexity of the manufacturing process and the use of specialized materials. However, the overall cost savings from reduced assembly time, fewer components, and improved reliability can often offset the higher initial cost.

  4. Q: What are the typical lead times for Flex-Rigid PCBs?
    A: Lead times for Flex-Rigid PCBs can vary depending on the complexity of the design, the materials used, and the manufacturing process. At RAYPCB, typical lead times range from 2-3 weeks for simple designs to 6-8 weeks for more complex, high-layer-count boards.

  5. Q: Can Flex-Rigid PCBs be reworked or repaired?
    A: Reworking or repairing Flex-Rigid PCBs can be challenging due to the complexity of the board structure and the presence of both rigid and flexible sections. However, experienced technicians with the right tools and techniques can successfully rework or repair Flex-Rigid PCBs in many cases. It’s essential to work with a knowledgeable and experienced manufacturer like RAYPCB to ensure the best possible outcome.


Flex-Rigid PCBs offer a unique combination of design flexibility, reliability, and performance, making them an increasingly popular choice for a wide range of applications across multiple industries. RAYPCB, with its state-of-the-art manufacturing capabilities and extensive experience in producing high-quality Flex-Rigid PCBs, is well-positioned to meet the growing demand for this innovative technology.

By understanding the key benefits, applications, and design considerations of Flex-Rigid PCBs, engineers and product designers can leverage this technology to create more compact, lightweight, and reliable electronic assemblies. As the electronics industry continues to evolve and demand more complex and versatile solutions, Flex-Rigid PCBs are poised to play an increasingly important role in shaping the future of electronic design and manufacturing.